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Sampling
Sampling refers to a set of individual units drawn from a definable population, and generally a small proportion of the overall population. This set of units is then analyzed for some type of inference representative of the sample. The number of surveyed units for which observations are considered can be less than the total number in the universe population.

Section 8
A rental subsidy through the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, generally operated through housing authorities at the local level. The Housing Choice Voucher Program provides "tenant-based" rental assistance, so an assisted tenant can move with assistance from one unit of at least minimum housing quality to another. Section 8 also authorizes a variety of "project-based" rental assistance programs, under which the owner reserves some or all of the units in a building for low-income tenants, in return for a Federal government guarantee to make up the difference between the tenant's contribution and the rent specified in the owner's contract with the government. A tenant who leaves a subsidized project will lose access to the project-based subsidy.

Senior Citizens / Seniors
"Senior" or "Senior Citizens" for the purpose of this needs assessment refers to persons who are served by an Area Agency on Aging agency and/or by the Senior & Disabled Services Division, who are 60 years of age or older. Depending on the specific program qualifications, this definition might be limited to persons over the age of 65.

Senior Connections
The program serves seniors age 60 and over and provides information, assistance with transportation, shopping and errands, as well as, certification of the Meals on Wheels and RideSource programs

Senior Meals Program
The programs provide nutritionally balanced meals to persons over the age of 60 and their spouses. The meal is provided either in a dining room setting or delivered to home-bound adults or adults with disabilities who meet eligibility criteria.

Senior Services Advisory Council (SSAC)
A voluntary group of citizens that provides information, guidance, advice and support to an AAA on matters relating to older persons. It assists in planning, developing, coordinating and administering services to seniors in the AAA’s service area.

Social Determinants of Health
The social determinants of health are the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age, including the health system. These circumstances are shaped by the distribution of money, power and resources at global, national and local levels, which are themselves influenced by policy choices. The social determinants of health are mostly responsible for health inequities - the unfair and avoidable differences in health status seen between the wealthy and the poor.

Social Gradient
Reflects an individual's or population group's position in society and different access to and security of resources such as education, employment and housing, as well as different levels of participation in civic society and control over life.

Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI)
The Social Security Act insurance benefit for individuals with disabilities. SSDI is social insurance and is based on premiums paid into the Social Security system during a person’s working career. No medical assistance is associated with this benefit. After receiving two years of disability benefits, the individual may also receive Medicare benefits in the same way seniors receive them.

State Unit on Aging (SUA)
The administrative entity at the state level responsible for planning and administering OAA services within the state.

Substantiated
The definition of a "Substantiated Report" is a report which is determined by the investigator who conducted the investigation, based upon evidence that makes it more likely than not that abuse or neglect, as defined, occurred.

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)
Formerly known as Food Stamps Program. SNAP is the largest domestic food and nutrition assistance program for low-income Americans. Program benefits are targeted to those most in need. To receive benefits, households must qualify based on their income, expenses, and assets. Households with lower income receive higher benefits up to a specified maximum.

Supplemental Security Income (SSI)
Authorized by an amendment to Title XVI to the Social Security Act. SSI was implemented in 1973. It provides a basic level of cash assistance, as well as medical assistance to low-income older persons and persons with disabilities.

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